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Indonesia


Indonesia is a former Dutch colony and the current legal system was shaped by this civil law influence to some extent.  Sources of law include Dutch law, customary law (adat) and Islamic law.  Although Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world Islam is not the official religion.   However, Presidential Instruction No.1 of 1991 states the intention to propagate Islamic law through the implementation of a Marriage Law, Inheritance Law and Wakaf Law. The 1945 Constitution establishes five principles as the foundation of the State called the Pancasila.  The first of these principles is the belief in one God.  The Muslim majority follow Shafi jurisprudence and are subject to Islamic law in personal status matters. Hindus, Christians and Buddhists are recognised religious minorities.

Available Information
 
reunite´s Summary Text on Indonesia
 
Legal Texts

•    Constitution 1945

•    Law 1 of 1974 on Marriage

•    Presidential Instruction No.1 of 1991

•    Law No.7 of 1989 on Religious Courts


Reports


•    Convention on the Rights of the Child Report 2002


Articles


•    Child Abduction Overview (US State Department)

•    Family Law Summary (Emory Project)

•    Summary of Marriage and Divorce in Indonesia

•    Overview of the Indonesian Legal System, Dr. Benny S. Tabalujan, 2002