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Iran


In Iran the sources of law are Islamic principles, constitutional law, legislation, Government by-laws, custom and revolutionary principles.  Article 12 of the 1979 Constitution declares that Islam is the religion of the State and the dominant school of law is the Jaafari School, which is the largest branch of Shia jurisprudence.  Article 4 establishes that all laws should adhere to Islamic criteria. This includes the family law legislation, which is contained in the Iranian Civil Code.  The 1967 Family Protection Act, which had accorded women more equality within the family, was repealed after the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

The majority of the population are Shia Muslims.  There are Sunni Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Zoroastrian and Ba’hai minorities, although the latter is not a formal religion according to Constitutional Act.

Available Information

reunite´s Summary Text for Iran
 
Legal Texts


•    Constitution 1979

•    Iran Civil Code

•    Unofficial Translation of Law Permitting Personal Statutes of Iranian Non-Shi’ites 1933

Reports

•    Convention on the Rights of the Child Report 1998


Articles

•    Women in Iranian Civil Law 1905-1995, Women Living Under Muslim Law.

•    The Legal Status of Iranian Women, Ms. Mehrangiz Kar

•    Iranian women win improved child custody rights , Khaleej Times, (Reuters) 30 November 2003


•    The Islamic Revolution’s Impact on the Legal and Social Status of Iranian Women, Kourosh Eshghipour, New England International and Comparative Law Annual, 1997.

•    Summary of Iranian Courts

•    Family Law Summary (Emory Project)

•    Marriage Law of Iran Under Islamic Perspectives, S. N. Ebrahimi, International Survey of Family Law 2005

•    Protective Institutions for Children Under Iranian Family Law, S. N. Ebrahimi, International Survey of Family Law