Reunite International
Reunite International Homepage

Jordan


In Jordan the sources of legislation are the Constitution, Islamic Sharia and customary law.  Section 2(2) of the Jordanian Civil Code No.43 of 1976 establishes recourse to the principles of Islamic Law, in addition to other sources, in the absence of statutory provisions and Article 2 of the 1959 Constitution declares that Islam is the State religion.  The Constitution establishes separate religious and civil courts and Article 105 of the Constitution declares that the Sharia Courts have jurisdiction in personal status and blood money matters.  Articles 108-9 establish Non-Muslim Tribunals.
The dominant school of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) in Jordan is Hanafi and there is a Muslim majority and a Christian minority.  Islamic Law is applied to Muslims in matters of personal status and is also applied to Christians in matters of inheritance.  The personal status cases of Christians are heard in Ecclesiastical Tribunals.

Available Information

reunite´s Summary Text for Jordan 
 
Legal Texts

•    Constitution

•    Civil Code No.43 1976

•    Law of Personal Status 1976 (Arabic)

•    Unofficial Translation of Extract of Law of Personal Status

•    Passport Law No.5 2003 (Arabic)

•    Unofficial Translation of Extract of Passport Law No.5  2003

•    Nationality Law No.6 of 1954 (Arabic)

•    Unofficial Translation of Extract of the Nationality Law No.6 of 1954

Reports


•    A Comparative Study of Jordanian Legislation and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF, 2003.

•    A Comparative Study of Jordanian Legislation and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, UNICEF, 2003.

Articles


•    Summary of the Judiciary (POGAR)

•    Summary of the Judiciary (InfoProd)

•    International Parental Child Abduction, (US State Dept.)

•    Summary of Family Law (Emory Project)

•    Summary of Judicial Structures, Nathan J. Brown