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Maldives


The Maldives was under the protected status of the UK until 1965, as a result of this the legal system has been influenced by English common law as well as Islamic law.  Officially all citizens of the Maldives must be Muslims and the majority follow the Shafi School of Islamic jurisprudence, however there is a minority of Shia Muslims.  According to the Constitution of 1998 the Maldives is a Republic based on Islamic principles and Article 7 establishes Islam as the religion of the State.  Article 156 defines law as meaning Acts passed by the People’s Majlis and the People’s Special Majlis and assented to by the President, regulations made under such laws and the practices of the government and also the norms and provisions of the Sharia established by the Quran, the traditions of the Muslim prophet Mohamed and the rules derived therefrom.  Family law is based on the Sharia.  In addition, a law on the Protection of the Rights of the Child was promulgated in 1991.

Available Information

reunite´s Summary Text for the Maldives 
 
Legal Texts

•    Constitution 1998

•    Law 9 of 1991 on the Protection of the Rights of the Child

Reports

•    Convention on the Rights of the Child Report 1994

•    Convention on the Rights of the Child Report 1996

•    Convention on the Rights of the Child Report 1997


Articles

•    Family Law Summary (Emory)