Reunite International Homepage

The Philippines


Over 90% of the population of the Philippines are Christian, however there is a small Muslim minority who are mainly of the Shafi tradition.  The Philippines was formerly a Spanish, then an American colony and the character of the legal system exhibits these influences.  The personal status law of Christians and other non-Muslim groups is governed by civil law, whereas the personal status of Muslims is governed by Presidential Decree No.1083 of 1997 known as the Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines.    This Code reads that the legal system of Muslims is recognised in the Philippines as part of the law of the land.  Article 13 reads that this Code is applicable in matters such as marriage, divorce, paternity, filiation and custody where both parties are Muslim or if the man is Muslim and the marriage was conducted according to Muslim law.  If a marriage between a Muslim man and a non-Muslim woman was not conducted according to Muslim law then civil law is applied to them in family law cases.

Available Information

reunite´s Summary Text for The Philippines 
 
Legal Texts

•    Constitution 1987

•    Executive Order No.29 of 1987 The Family Code of the Philippines

•    Republic Act No. 386 1949 Civil Code of the Philippines

•    Presidential Decree No.603 1974 The Child and Youth Welfare Code

•    Republic Act No.9225 2003 Citizenship Retention and Re-acquisition Act

•    Republic Act 8369 1997 The Family Courts Act

•    Memorandum Circular No. AFF-04-01 Rules on Philippine Dual Citizenship

•    Republic Act No. 6809 of 1989 An Act Lowering the Age of Majority from twenty one to Eighteen Years, Amending for the Purpose Executive Order Number 209 and For Other Purposes

•    Republic Act No.9255 of 2004 An Act Allowing Illegitimate Children to use the Surname of their father, Amending for the Purpose Article 176 of Executive Order No.209 Otherwise Known as the “Family Code of the Philippines.”

•    Republic Act No.8239 The Philippine Passport Act of 1996

•    Act No.3815 An Act Revising the Penal Code and Other Penal Laws

•    Presidential Decree No.1083 The Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines

Articles

•    Islamic Family Law Summary (Emory)