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Sudan


The Sudanese legal system has been influenced by British common law, however Islamic legal principles have had the most significant impact in the shaping of the Sudanese system.  The Sources of Judicial Decisions Act promulgated in 1983 establishes that where a matter is not specifically legislated on recourse should be made to Sharia principles, custom, judicial precedents and principles of justice.  Furthermore, according to Article 65 of the 1998 Constitution, Hanafi jurisprudence is a residual source of law.  Other sources of law are consensus of the people, the Constitution and custom.

Although Islam is not the State religion, Article 1 of the Constitution declares that Islam is the religion of the majority.  Sunni Muslims make up approximately 70% of the population.  There is a significant Christian population, located mainly in the southern regions of Sudan and also followers of traditional indigenous religions.


Available Information

reunite´s Summary Text for Sudan 
 
Legal Texts

•    Constitution

•    Muslim Family Law 1991 (Arabic)

•    Constitutional and Administrative Law Act 1991

•    Constitutional Court Act 1998

•    Extracts of Civil Transactions Act 1984


Cases

•    Case, E (Abduction Non Convention Country) Re (CA) Court of Appeal 24 June 1999


Reports

•    Convention on the Rights of the Child Report


Articles

•    Family Law Summary (Emory Project)

•    Article Personal Status Laws (US Embassy)

•    Information on the Judiciary (POGAR)

•    Summary of Judicial Structures, Nathan J. Brown

•    Article on Personal Status Laws in Sudan, US State Department