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Although the majority of the Turkish population are Muslims of the Hanafi School of Islamic jurisprudence, the 1982 Turkish Constitution establishes Turkey as a secular republic.  Therefore, family law is not based on Sharia principles and the present Turkish legal system has been greatly influenced by European laws.  The Civil Code is based on Swiss law, whereas the Commercial Code was influenced by German law and administrative law by the French system.  The Turkish Penal Code takes its influence from Italian law.

Available Information

reunite´s Summary Text for Turkey 
Legal Texts

•    Constitution 1982

•    Extract of Citizenship Law (unofficial translation)

•    Extract of Passport Law (unofficial translation)

•    Extracts Civil Code 2001 (Turkish)

•    Law No.4320 on the Protection of the Family


•    Sophia Gudrun Hansen v. Turkey, ECHR, 2003.


•    Convention on the Rights of the Child Report

•    Questionnaire on the Enforcement of Return Orders Under the Hague Convention and if Access/Contact orders: Response by the Central Authority of Turkey


•    Extract, Family Law, Prof. Dr. Tugrul Ansay (source unknown)

•    Exploring the Context of Women’s Sexuality in Eastern Turkey, Pinar Ikkaracan, Women Living Under Muslim Laws, Dossier 22, November 1999.

•    Family Law in Turkey and Cyprus, Extract from T. Mahmoud, Family Law Reform in the Muslim World, 1972. (exact source)

•    Summary of the Judicial System,

•    Article, The Amendments to the Turkish Civil Code,

•    Article, The New Legal Status of Women in Turkey, Women for Women’s Human Rights, April 2002.